History of Newburgh

Newburgh is a city in Orange County, New York, United States, situated about 60 miles north of New York City. It is located on the western bank of the Hudson River and has a rich history dating back to colonial times.

The area that is now Newburgh was originally inhabited by the Munsee people, a group of Native Americans who were part of the larger Lenape tribe. The first Europeans to explore the area were the Dutch, who arrived in the early 17th century. They established a trading post in the area in the mid-17th century.

The town of Newburgh was founded in 1709 by German Palatine refugees who were fleeing religious persecution in Europe. They were granted land by Queen Anne of England and named their settlement after the city of Newburgh in Scotland.

During the American Revolution, Newburgh played an important role as a strategic location on the Hudson River. General George Washington had his headquarters in the city from 1782 to 1783, and it was the site of the famous Newburgh Conspiracy in 1783, when a group of officers in the Continental Army plotted to overthrow the Continental Congress.

In the 19th century, Newburgh became a center of manufacturing and transportation, with the construction of the Erie Canal and the arrival of the railroad. It was also a major center of the abolitionist movement and played a key role in the Underground Railroad.

In the mid-20th century, Newburgh suffered from urban decay and economic decline, as manufacturing jobs moved overseas and the city became plagued by crime and poverty. However, in recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in the city, with new development projects and a growing arts and culture scene.


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